Blog- Role of Madarsa Education in Empowerment of Muslims in India
- Posted by
Sana Asma, Tasneem Shazli
- Posted in Education, Traning
Abstract: A large population of Muslims in India are receiving education either from Madarsas or from Urdu- medium schools. Madarsa is an Arabic word which means an educational institution. They were never limited to provide only religious education. But this concept has been changed and Madarsas have
Abstract: A large population of Muslims in India are receiving education either from Madarsas or from Urdu- medium schools. Madarsa is an Arabic word which means an educational institution. They were never limited to provide only religious education. But this concept has been changed and Madarsas have become the centre of religious education only. Nowadays marginalized Muslim communities are increasingly demanding more quality education from their Madarsas. But most of the Madarsas in India are privately owned and Madarsa leaders may not feel a need to fulfil the community desires. Although Muslim parents are attracted to the safe environment of these schools, they are aware that a purely religious education will not help their children to earn a decent living, because of outdated traditional methods and technique of teaching and learning, with a negative outlook towards modern subjects and also due to lack of innovations, experiments and researches. The main concern of this paper is to find out the contribution of Madarsa education in the empowerment of Muslims and point out the shortcomings of Madarsa education. This paper suggests some remedial measures also to improve the quality of Madarsa education for overall development of Muslim community. Keywords: Madarsa education, Muslims, Empowerment. I. Introduction The development of any nation depends on its educational system and it is proved that education is the key to human progress and social change. Education is a powerful tool for empowerment of individual. It helps in developing confidence in individual and community about their own capacities, inherent strengths to shape their lives and thus enhance the inner strength. Education is the means by which societies have been known in history, to grow out of oppression to democratic participation and involvement. Empowerment is seen as matter of providing at least to some extent means of subsistence as a right. However empowerment in general is understood as means to enable to control the personal, communal and societal environment to foster their own development. Thus empowerment is defined as a matter of access and participation always being a process of getting empowered rather than being concerned with a status of being empowered. The education holds the key to the empowerment of Indian Muslims. Education is one of the most powerful factors for the political, social, economic or spiritual development of individuals and communities. It helps individuals to acquire the confidence and capability to match the levels of those who are in the mainstream in society. For empowering a community, it is required that access to quality education be ensured for the community. Nowadays marginalized Muslim communities are increasingly demanding more quality education from their Madarsas. But most of the Madrasas in India are privately owned, Madrasa leaders may not feel a need to respond to community desires. Madrasa education seems to be working on old traditional pattern as there is no emphasis on any research. Therefore research projects should be undertaken on various aspects of Madrasa education. Scholars associated with Madrasas and Jamias as well as with modern Universities should be encouraged to work meaningfully in the area of Madrasa education. Madarsas are centres of free education. They are the nucleus of the cultural and educational life of Muslims. These Madarsas, as an invaluable instrument of traditional education, have played a vital role in spreading literacy among the down-trodden segments of the Muslim society. Only the poor segment of Muslim community is resigned to sending their children to Madarsas which not only offer them free education but also free boarding and lodging. Most of the Madarsas are averse to the introduction of modern education. However, that some of the Madarsas have introduced modern education complemented with religious education. In majority of these Madarsas, though, the students have no access to modern secular education. If modern education is introduced in these Madarsas, it will certainly create conditions for promoting modern and secular outlook among students and empower them to participate as equal partners in an inclusive society. These Madarsas should serve as a vehicle for articulating the Islamic cultural heritage and universal values that are deeply embedded in the tradition, consciousness and identity of the Muslim community.